1. General Information:
Name of the Organization: SOLIDARITY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
Type of the Organization: Relief, Development and Reconstruction
Sectors involved in:
SCDO operates under integrated development programs
(IDP), which focuses two-way broad cross-cutting programmatic interventions:
a) Peace-building: conflict resolution among pastoralist communities, empowering existing traditional and modern governance systems, sharing resources, collective decision-making processes.
b) Rural development: provision of basic and right-based social services, human and livestock health, primary education, water and sanitation, HIV/AIDS prevention,
Gender and women empowerment and Environmental protection.
Name: Mohamoud Mohamed Ali
Title: executive Director
Contact Details: 2522 4120648
1 Said Mohamoud Ismail . Board Chairman
2. seaad Mohamed deputy Chairman
3. S Anab Mohamed hassan secretary
4. Ahmed Mohamed Haashi
5. Yasin x. Dualeh
6. Jamac Ahmed ayaale
7.Ahmed saeed Mohamed
2. Organizational Profiles
2.1 Brief history of the SCDO organization
Solidarity Community Development Organization (SCDO), a local, non-political, and non-profit organization, involve on humanitarian development of the Somali people in terms of social, economic, and cultural status. SCDO emerged from hierarchical successions of statuses ranging from UN/NGO Coordination Committee, established by the Erigavo Peace Treaty decided out of the 1993 Erigavo Grand Peace Conference in which the warring clans reached compromises and reconciliations on the hostile attitudes resulted by the Somali Civil War(1988-91), to SCBO (1998), which, at present, proceeded to SCDO in the beginning of 2009.
With the purpose of rehabilitating the destructed infrastructure on social and economic livelihood of Sanaag people, UN/NGO Coordination Committee involved on maintenance of peace and guaranteeing the security of the international humanitarian agencies, on acting as a liaison of the whole communities in respect of development issues, on censorship of projects liable to fumigate ideologies detrimental to the values of the people, and on prioritization of the community appeals for humanitarian aids.
In 1994, the UN/NGOCC developed into Sanaag Community Based Organization (SCBO), who took the responsibilities for implementing water projects funded by ACTION/AID. However, as the organization had grown to gain full capacity building in planning, designing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating the concerned projects, they implemented many multi-various projects dealt on social and economic developments.
Hence, the Solidarity Community Development Organization (SCDO), the successor of SCBO, is the only NGO in Sanaag than whom no other NGO can be regarded as better or more suitable in implementing the required projects in Sanaag and Sool regions.
At last, but not the least, we extend our thanks to the international and the local development organizations that had good working relationship with us, and the crucial supports contributed by the International Agencies, mainly ACTIONAID to the empowerment of our NGO, SCDO.
We envision full commitment in achieving sustainable peace, justice and progressive human development.
SCDO is a non-profit and non-political organization, involved on supporting the rural marginalized communities with the access to clean water by constructing wells and Berkeds, providing them with capacity building workshops on mastering and shaping their destinies, and promoting the women’s rights to be realized in harmony with the local standard and with the environment.
Among the values upheld by SCDO include: ambition, competency, equality, integrity, service, responsibility, accuracy, respect, dedication, diversity, improvement, loyalty, credibility, honesty, innovativeness, teamwork, excellence, accountability, empowerment, quality, efficiency, dignity, collaboration, , courage, wisdom, independence, security, challenge, influence, learning, compassion, friendliness, discipline/order, generosity, persistence, optimism, dependability, and flexibility.
II. Organizational Objectives:
To strengthen the capacity of the pastoral communities to assess, decide, plan, and implement the activities through participatory decision-making;
1. Contribute to the participatory community development programs towards social access over water, health, education etc.
2. Promote economic status of the community though income generation.
3. Establish close links to UN agencies international NGOs Diaspora local NGOs through consensus building and mutual concern.
4. Train the community to adapt critical judgment logic thinking so as to help themselves up to the village and nomadic level.
5. Protect and improve environment and natural heritage to pass it on safer to future generation.
6. Improve hygiene and sanitation conditions on the areas of operation.
7. Strength contacts between the NGO of area operations community and international communities
8. Raise awareness of the community in the importance of preventing HIV/AIDS.
9. Maintain peace building and stability to achieve co-existence, fraternity and better neighborhood in general and areas of SCDO operation in particular.
10. IDPs protection and improved advocacy.
11. To set up a system to ensure effectiveness achievement with respect to HIV/AIDs prevention.
12. To reduce the adverse effects of the spread of HIV/AIDs in SCDO area of operation.
Areas of intervention.
• Rehabilitation/construction of social basic facilities (Education, health, water, sanitation).
• Enhancement of environmental issues and natural resources.
• Creation of income generation for un-employed population.
• Capacity building and information sharing (training and workshops).
• Raise awareness of the community with focus on HIV/AIDs, hygiene.
• Improved advocacy towards disaster preparedness, human rights and gender sensitivity.
• IDPs protection monitoring.
• Peace building and stability.
• Democracy and governance
• Development of infrastructure (Roads etc).
• To inculcate correct social attitudes so as to provide good governance emanating from the expression of free will.
• To foster new image over working approaches towards protection of the environment and improvement of the natural heritage to pass it safer on to future generation.
• To maintain culture peace and stability to achieve and smooth the way for creation of society based on rule of law.
• To create healthy environment and well informed community members able o avoid life threatening risks due to the spread of HIV/AIDs.
• To contribute efforts made to prevent HIV/AIDS.
III. Organizational Structure:
The organization has an optimal and functional structure with two dimensions one being vertical hierarchy and the other representing horizontal specialization to define the duty and responsibility and who is a real member of the organization.
However the structure of SCDO consists:
1. General assembly (founders)
2. Board of directors
3. Management team
4. Project staff
• Organ gram
Job description of Board of Directors (BOD).
Board of directors has the duty:-
• Elect the executive committee
• Monitor, supervise and evaluate over all organizational activities.
• Approve annual and development plans.
• Approve budget of the organization.
• Take disciplinary action against executive body.
Job description of the Executive Body.
• Carry out by delegation financial management of the organization.
• Carry out day to day organization activities.
• Coordinate on going development activities of the organization.
• Submit reports to the BOD.
Title Area of Expertise Duty Station
National Executive Director Community Development Management
Fixed-term 1.Project Manager
3. Administration Officer
4. Field officers
7. Watchmen and cleaners 1.Water and Sanitation
2. Social worker
3.Financial and administration expert
4. Public administration
5. Civil engineer
6. Book keeping
7. Precautious and alert activities 1. Water and Sanitation
2. Women Development
4.Working with the communities
5. Drawing and designing
6. Recording and documenting activities
7. Office watching and cleaning
Casuals No of staffs needed in due to the type of running project Based on the type of the project activities
Volunteers Target group members Participation in decision –making and contribution Depends on their differences in performance and initiatives as well as effectiveness
1) SCDO – Financial Statement for 06-09 years
Donor 06/07 2008 2009 Total income
AAIS 528,443 173,634.78 125,000 $827,077.78
Care Somalia/S/ Sudan 51,474 87,784 – $122,974
UNDP 22,600 – – $22,600
NRC 17500 20,346 – $37,846
Oxfam NOVIB 9,700 – $ 9,700
UNIFEM 13,230 19,800 $ 33,303
WFP 2,272 $ 2,272
V. Geographical Coverage
In this region, SCDO works through out the whole region-coastal, mountainous, valleys, Sool plateau, western and eastern as well as southern parts with no regard of clanship loyalty and political allegiance, Sool and Togdheer Regions
SCDO has branch offices in Ceelafweyn and hargeisa liaison office. Inasmuch as the region is of poor road infrastructure, our main challenge lies on poor road system or road blocks in the rainy seasons and high momentum of increasing gullies. However, with walking on our foot we strive to reach the concerned areas. Moreover, we emphasize on conflict resolution mechanisms, since it is amongst our main target activities.
VI. Organizational Sources of Fund:
NGO may not limit itself to below aspects but should include the information on these aspects
Main funding source for the NGO
Long-term Partnerships: SCDO has long partnership with ACTIONAID Somaliland, which has been continued since 1993
Care/USAID, DFID, UNIFEM, NRC, UNICEF, Health unlimited, Coopi, NRC, -PAL,
CAA ox farm, ODA, SCF, UNIFEM, DFID UNDP, WFP, NOVIB and many others
Other funding sources and frequency
As stipulated in the SCDO constitution, membership is organized through degan groups of rangeland units. These units are normally village centred, site committees, selected by their resident members or mixture of social groups in the same area/unit. The membership of the SCDO organically grows by including representatives from new development areas and individuals who can add value into the development of Sanaag region. The membership of SCDO can be lost due to the violation of its rules and Regulations (refer the constitution and the related policies).
VII. Organizational capacity:
a) Technical Competence:
Assessments: We use reliable assessments as the main bases for the projects with the Participatory Rural Assessments (PRA) that prioritizes gathering information from the communities themselves.
Since its establishment in 1993, SCDO was working in Sanaag& part of Sool region, Somaliland. The organization facilitated beneficiary communities to establish rules of working together; distributed resources equitably across the areas and social groups (clans) as such water, animal and human health, education and environmental care projects. The SCDO was a advocate for its constituent communities and increased trust and co-operation among the community members.
The SCDO and beneficiary communities identified, analyzed and prioritized the development needs through participatory methodologies in 1998, 1999, 2001 and recently in 2008.
Three-year program strategies based on the program reviews were developed for 1998- 2001, 2002-2005, 2006-2008 and the current strategy of 2009-20011
Project design/Implementation: Though the concerned partners jointly re-design with us in the project documentation, the projects have been mostly prepared and proposed by our NGO with the basis of community decisions. The SCDO and its constituent communities have successfully implemented and currently manage various projects in water, animal health, human health, the environmental care, gender development, HIV/AIDs, Peace building and education .
The SCDO facilitates the design of conflict resolution mechanism and rules of working together with the site development committees.
The site committees undertake maintenance and repairs of the water projects through collection of reasonable fees from users, except school children and the poorest families. The poorest households receive free allocations of water
Monitoring/Evaluation: Not only do our NGO members involve on checking whether the planned activities are being carried out properly, but the target communities as well as the government members do also participate in monitoring. However, the evaluations have mostly been done by the funding agencies with joint collaboration of SCDO.
Policies and procedures.
The organization has policies based on pillars of functionality and relevance for the purpose to govern the operations so to ensure that the activities are implemented in a manner that reflects achievement of the goals and objectives of the organization through internal control areas as stated below:-
• Financial policy
• Procurement policy
• Personnel policy
• Fixed assets policy
• Vehicle policy
• Inventory policy
SCDO Implemented projects 1992-2010
YEAR PROJECT/ACTIVITY SECTOR PARTNER
1992-96 Coordination of Sanaag
Communities and the International
-Focal Center of all
Development Projects -PAL;
-Full Partnership of the Inter-
-Restoration of multi-various
-Aspiration of International
Agencies to donation of
1993 Rehabilitation of Water Infrastructure
Projects in Erigavo -Participation in
Monitoring, and Evaluation ACTION
AID -Increased access of clean
Water for the Displaced and
Returnees of Erigavo Communities
-Decreased efforts of fetching
Water from the boreholes;
-Improved sanitation and hygiene
-Construction of six water kiosks
-Sustainability of water projects
in Erigavo town.
1994 Excavation of 24 Earth Dams Rehabilitation and
Excavation of rural
Water dams ACTION-
AID -Increased amount of water –
availability in the dry rural areas;
-Income Generating Activities
For the Rural Areas;
1994-95 Construction of Berkeds Construction of 38
Of 300/150 cum each
For harvesting of the
rain water ACTION-
AID -Availability of Clean and Drinkable
Water to Many Rural Communities
Mainly the Ones in the Driest
-Increased Sanitation and Hygiene
in the concerned zones;
Rehabilitation of 18 wells
In the rural dry areas
Construction of rural water sources
for the security and extension
AID -Improvement of sanitation and hygiene
-Minimization of the problems related
to fetching of water by women and children;
-Income opportunities for the skilled
Labor and the truck owners;
-Increased water access for 30,000
livestock and rural communities
estimated to be 300 households
1999-2001 1. Rehabilitation of 12 water sources
2. Construction of 11 earth dams;
3. Construction of 16 Berkeds
In the rural areas;
4. Digging and construction of
Nine (9) hand-dug underground
5. Set up of roof catchments
6. Appropriateness of dipping
7. Fodder Increase;
8. Pasture Conservation -Construction of safety wall-fences
around each well with lockable
inlets and outlets for the elimination
of the liability of animal slippery
into the wells ;
-Excavation of 11 Earth Dams with
Capacity of 2400cum for the harvest
of the rain water;
-Construction of 16 underground
Berkeds with capacity of 150cum
-Dug and constructed nine (9)Hand-dug
-Establishment of 55 Roof Catchment Systems
were introduced in urban and village locations;
-Formation of 15 dipping tanks with appropriate
drainages disposing the wastes into deeply
protected underground reservoirs;
-Awareness programs on cautious methods for
using the insecticide solutions required for the
– Para-vet-15 locations estimated to be
200 m x 100 m were dispersed with indigenous
Seeds in association with stone contours for the
water permeability into the ground;
– Para-vet-15 locations-small pockets of land
have been restored by stone ditching contours -Improved sanitation and hygiene;
-Safety of both human and animals from
the probability of falling down into
the deep wells;
-Reduction of the dangers related to
the manual lifting up of the water from
the highest depths;
-Availability of the access to the
drinkable and consumable water for
a large number of rural and village
-Adoption of prepared mechanisms
against the threats of the long lasting
-Reduction of the overgrazing;
– Gain of many skills on harvesting
the rainy water with the nomads;
-Increased access of the nomads to
social opportunities as education;
-Tangible responses to the water
shortage sufferings mainly In Ceelafweyn
-Improvement in dipping procedures
as they used to dip their animals near
the water source wells.
-Reduction of environmental poisoning
with the dipping of animals in open
areas that had been the result of
rabes contracted wild life and other
seriously inflicted diseases to the
wild life as well as to the communities
or to the whole-ecosystem;
-Gain of multilateral mechanisms for
pasture and water conservation
1. Projects implemented by SCDO in 2007/08/09/10
SN Project Project No Location
1. Berkeds 5 Ceelcadde, Caduur Bixin, Weelaxidh, Masle, Rigo
2. Essential Wells 2 Taxnan and Ceelcawad
3. Dams 2 Haadweyn & Dhadhaab
4. Envirimentak control
Wareeg, Saaqiyad, Laasqacable
5. Human Health
-Community health workers training 60 HA
– TBAS Training 30
– FGM workshop 90 participates. CSO & targeted rural areas
60 HA from 30 rural areas held in Erigavo
– TOT training 15 RHT
– Provision of seed kit & medicines for 30 HA
– Provison of TBA kits & medicines for 30 TBAS 1
1 Erigavo Hospital
From 15 regional sites
From 15 rural areas
6. HIV/AIDS –Awareness
-Bill Boards distributions
-Stigma Reduction Train
– International AIDS day 1
Jidale, Yufle, Daraweyne, Huluul, C/fweyn
7. Animal Health Traning for 30 PVAS
– Provison of tool kits & animal drugs 1
1 15 from rural sites
15 from rural locations
– training of 30 rural teach
– TOT REO staff training
-Provision of teaching & learning materials & Curri
15 rural schools in Sanaag
5 Erigavo, 5 other districts
15 rural schools
9. Golis & Coastal Education
– 27 Teachers training
– Reflect training 20 participates
– Provison of teaching & learning materials
– Community cycle action implementation
– Provison of School furniture for 13 regional schools in 4 districts
1 Garuble, Shalcow, Buq, Hareed, Gorgor, Cirshiida,Geed Quraan, Xaadh, L/Uurweyn
Gorgor, hareed, shalcow, Garuble, & Erigavo
Garuble, Shalcow, Buq, Hareed, Gorgor, Cirshiida, Mashcaleed, Xaadh,L/uurweyn
Gorgor, Hareed, Garuble, Shalcow
Erigavo, Garadag, Ceelafweyn, Xingalool
2010 implemented projects
A HUMAN SECURITY PROJECTS IMPLEMENTED IN 2010
Reh. Of Berkad Gunburo Cas
Reh. Of Berkad Qardaxle
Reh. Of Berkad Hurgufato
Reh. Of Berkad Dhabar Mamac
Reh. Of Berkad Suuf-dheere
Coummunity training on water management five sites
Coummunity training on drought preperdness seven sites
Const of open well God-xardhane
Const of open well Garba-Diir
community training 5 locations community Training
Const of open well Laaso Jaan
Const of open well Dhoob
R-Catcm construc Shimbiraale &Yufle
Const of open well Ceel-Laqoday
Campaign on Hungary day Hamaas&Dayaha
community training on Early warning system six sites
Women Access to Justice
Funded by DFID/AAIs Paralegal Team in operation